Republic of Bulgaria

Bulgaria - Facts and figures

Facts and figures

● Capital: Sofia
● Language: Bulgarian (Cyrillic)
● Currency: Lew (0,51Euro in 3/2019)
● Population: 7,02 million, 64 per km² (2018)
● Surface: 110 910 km²

(Image: Map of Bulgaria; source: Own work)                                                                                        

Bulgaria - History


The first settlements of the Thrakian tribes go back 7 000 years into the past. From that time precious pieces of gold work were found. At the end of the 13th century the Thrakian state declined and became part of the Ottoman empire. The Ottomans occupied the country up to 1878.
In the year 1908 Bulgaria became an independent tsarist empire. After World War II the country fell under the influence of the Soviet Union. 1990 marked the end of the Communist era.
In 2007 Bulgaria became a member of the European Union.

(Image: Schipka gold mask exhibited in the Archaeological Museum in Sofia; source: Ann Wuyts, CC BY 2.0 )

Bulgaria - The Danube

The Danube

The Danube flows ca. 500 km along the border between Bulgaria and Romania and allows transportation for trade. However, due to the sparcely populated regions in the area, it isn't of great importance. The so-called „Bridge of Freedom“ is the only bridge that connects Bulgaria and Romania.

(Image: Bridge "New Europe" between Vidin-Calafat, opened in 2013; source: Pixabay)

Bulgaria - Special features

Special features

Geography: G: the largest part of the country is covered by forests (poplars, willows, elms)
Famous people: Elias Canetti (Nobel Laureate for Literature), Petar Petrov (inventor of the first digital clock), Boris Hristov (opera singer), John Atanasov (inventor of the computer)
Word box: rose oil, Marteniza, tourist destinations of the Black Sea

(Image: In the Valley of the Roses, Damask roses are grown to produce rose oil; source: Pixabay)