Federal Republic of Germany

Germany - Facts and figures

Facts and figures

● Capital: Berlin
● Language: German
● Currency: Euro
● Population: 83 million, 232 per km² (2018)
● Surface: 357 578 km²

(Image: Map of Germany; source: Own work)                                                                                        

Germany - History


In the past Germany was made up by numerous principalities and several kingdoms. After the wars against Austria and France the German Empire was founded in 1871. This fell apart after World War I. In 1918 the Weimar Republic was established, which came to an end in 1933 , with Hitler and the National Socialists coming into power.
After World War II (1939 – 1945) Germany was divided and the FRG and GDR were founded. In 1961 a wall was built to separate the two states.
In 1990 Germany was reunited, and ever since October 3rd has been celebrated as the Day of German Unity.
Germany has been a member of the EU since 1992.

(Image: Berlin wall; source: Pixabay)

Germany - Danube

The Danube

The Danube is made up by the confluence of the rivers Brigach and Breg near Donaueschingen, but the river is navigable only from Kelheim onwards. With 618 km it is the fourth longest river, but plays an important role only in Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg. The Danube is seen as a symbol of the European reunification and extension, because it flows from the west to the east. In addition, it links historic events like the Swabian migration with recent events, like the falling of the Berlin Wall. Consequently, countries formerly separated by the Iron Curtain, are accessible again.

(Image: Danube spring at Donaueschingen; source: Pixabay)

Germany - special features

Special features

Geography: lowlands, low mountain ranges, the Alps ( with the Zugspitze 2962 m)
Famous people: J.W. Von Goethe, F. Schiller, J.S. Bach, L.v. Beethoven, Immanuel Kant, Hans and Sophie Scholl

(Image: Equivalence of mass and energy - the famous formula of Albert Einstein; source: Pixabay)