Romania - Facts and figures

Facts and figures

● Capital: Bucharest
● Language: Romanian (Romance language)
● Currency: Romanian Leu RON (1 Leu=0,20 euro 6/2022)
● Population: 19,201,662 inhab (2020)
● Surface: 238 391 km²

(Image: Map of Romania; source: Own work)                                                                                        

Romania - History


Romania is a southeastern European country, with a territory that has been inhabited since Paleolithic Age. Romania was founded in 1859 by the union of the principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia. The new state, officially called Romania since 1866, gained independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877. In December 1918, took place the Great Union of 1918, when the historical provinces inhabited by Romanians were united within the same national state.
After World War II the country fell under Communist rule, although the leadership pursued a foreign policy independent of that of the Soviet Union. In December 1989, started the revolution in Romania and the city of Timisoara became the first Romanian city free of communism.
Romania. a semi-presidential republic, is divided into 41 counties and the municipality of Bucharest. It is member of the EU since January 2007 and member NATO since March 2004.

(Image: Parliament Palace, built 1984 - 1989 at the direction of Nicolae Ceauşescu; source: Pixabay)

Romania - The Danube

The Danube

Over a third of the Danube length flows through the country. Danube Delta is the best preserved delta on the continent and the greater part of it lies in Romania (3,446 from 4,152 km2).

(Image: Danube Delta at Tulcea; source: Pixabay)

Romania - Special features

Special features

Geography: Romania enjoys the Carpathians Mountains, the Black Sea and virgin forests (the second-largest area of virgin forests in Europe after Russia). The Carpathian Mountains provide habitat for the largest European populations of brown bears, wolves, chamois, and lynxes, with the highest concentration in Romania.
Famous people: George Enescu (composer), Constantin Brancusi (sculptor), Mihai Eminescu (poet), Eugen Ionescu (playwright), Sergiu Celibidache (orchestra conductor), Nicolae Paulescu (inventor of insuline), Nadia Comaneci (the first gymnast to be awarded a perfect score of 10.0 at the Olympic Games).
Word box: Bran Castle, Peles Castle, Voronet Monastery, Putna Monastery, Wooden Churches of Maramures

(Image: Castle Peleş in the Carpathians near town Sinaia; source: Pixabay)