Republic of Serbia

Serbia - Facts and figures

Facts and figures

● Capital: Belgradе
● Language: Serbian (alphabets: Cyrillic as the official + Latin as widely used)
● Currency: Dinar (1 Dinar 0,0085 Euro in 12/2021)
● Population: 7 million, 90 per km²
● Surface: 77 484 km²

(Image: Flag of Serbia; source: Wikipedia Commons)                                                                                        

Serbia - History


Territory of nowadays Serbia had been inhabited since prehistory times. On this territory lot of cultures were developed during Stone Age, among which culture of Lepenski Vir is the most famous.
Later on, during Roman Empire, Serbia was a part of provinces of Dalmatia, Pannonia and Moesia. and 18 Roman emperors were born at this territory. In the 6th century, Serbia was inhabited by South Slaves tribes. During next six centuries, more then 40 dukes changes on the throne, until 1217, when Serbia was proclaimed kingdom and then started rules of Nemanjic dynasty, which will bring about 11 rulers.
In the next few centuries Serbia was occupied territorially, military, economically by Ottoman Empire, Austrian-Hungarian Empire, depending of geographic position.
After victory in the World Word I, on the initiative of Serbian King Alexander the First Slavic states unite each other forming Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, and 1929 Kingdom of Yugoslavia has been established.
By the end of World War II, Socialistic Federative Republic of Yugoslavia was formed. During unhappy historical development in 90s year of XX century, Yugoslavia was dissolved and 2006 an independent Serbia was proclaimed.

(Image: Belgrade National Museum; source: Slavko Spasic, Institute for Cultural Development Research)

Serbia - The Danube

The Danube

The length of the Danube through Serbia counts of 588,5 km, with highest depth of 90 meters. There are 7 medieval fortresses along Danube flow, four archeological locality, two national parks and biggest gorge in Europe- Iron Gate (Djerdap gorge).

(Image: Danube; source: Dejan Zagorac)

Serbia - Special features

Special features

Geography: 5 National parks, 28 landscapes of outstanding features, 13 Parks of Nature, 74 Nature reserve park i 253 Monuments of Nature.
Serbia is one of the centers of biological biodiversity with about 3000 plant species, some of them could be found only in Serbia, such as great number of animal species, and some of them are at the red list of endangered species.
There are two UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, Golija-Studenica and Gornje Podunavlje and form 2020-year Djerdap is included at the UNESCO list of Geoparks.

Famous people: Emperor Constantine the Great (4th century, bearer of Edict of Milano and founder of Constantinople), Nikola Tesla (born in Croatia, inventor of alternative elctrical current and more than 300 patents), Mihajlo Pupin (scientist famous for development of phones , X-rays and 39 patents), Milutin Milanković (ranged of one of 15 most significant scientists of all time that explored planet Earth by NASA, and according to whom one crater at the Moon and Mars are named), Novak Djoković (the best tennis player in the world of all time).

(Image: Monestry Gradac; source: Dejan Zagorac)